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How Do Elevators Work?

Nov. 18, 2022

Construction projects require a great deal of detail and can take months or years to complete. An important part of the construction process is to ensure that you choose the correct structural design and materials. You must consider the foundations and various natural elements before incorporating certain additions into the building.


When building a multi-story building, you should consider how people will access each floor. Stairs are a natural choice, but it is also wise to install an elevator as it is quicker, easier, and takes into account disabled people and mobility issues.


How do elevators work?

Elevators haven't changed much since the 1800s. The elevator still maintains its original purpose of transporting people across floors. Otis safety systems are used in most elevator types and have been since the 1850s. Modern elevator control systems have changed to improve speed and safety. In most cases, the elevator will use a counterweight and 40% of the maximum rated load to balance the car.

 Passenger Elevator for Residential Building

 Passenger Elevator for Residential Building


The main purpose of the counterweight is to reduce the weight of the motor elevator and to maintain control of the entire elevator with the cables intact. The car elevator is made of steel for durability and strength. The pulleys used for the elevator cables are held in place by straddling side-to-side elevator shafts. This rotation is controlled by a set of steel beams placed above the elevator car.


Modern elevator cabs are fitted with additional technology. Some have telephones that allow the occupants to seek help in case of emergency. Others have flap doors in the ceiling to allow escape in case of emergency.


Elevators are designed and installed into buildings according to the population capacity of the building and the duties to be performed. For example, some buildings will have large elevators to transport goods to different floors. Hospitals have elevators that open on both sides to facilitate access for emergency patients.


Main features of passenger elevators

  • A counterweight to balance the cars.

  • An electric motor for the elevator the car up and down, including a braking system. Some elevators use a hydraulic mechanism instead.

  • A system of strong metal cables and pulleys running between the car and the motor.

  • Various safety systems protect passengers in the event of a cable break.

  • In larger buildings, electronic control systems use so-called "elevator algorithms" to direct the car to the correct floor to ensure that more people move up and down in the fastest and safest way possible.


Passenger Elevator

Passenger Elevator


How do passenger elevators work?

A passenger elevator is completely enclosed and has an elevator car that travels vertically in the elevator shaft. Passenger elevators transport people between floors at a fairly fast speed. The controls are designed to provide the most economical distribution of passengers throughout the building. The working parts of the elevator car are invisible to the naked eye and the mechanics of the elevator are above, below, and around the car.


BDFUJI Elevator is a reliable source for a wide range of passenger elevators and elevators. For years, the commercial industry has turned to us for all their passenger elevator buying needs. Our online selection provides our customers with a wide range of options, making it easy to find the passenger elevator you need. Buy online today, or call for more information or for a free copy of our catalog. Our team of experts is happy to listen and help you make the right decision regarding your passenger elevator or elevator order. Buy BDFUJI Elevator today for the best in business!


We have some of the best and safest elevators in the industry and would be happy to equip your company with the equipment you need. Shop our online selection or request a free catalog to see all the products we have to offer. You can call us at +86 512 6589 8964, send us an email at or visit our website for more information.